The term depression refers to a prolonged period of low mood and energy, feelings of sadness and possible dejection, as well as isolation at times. Depressive disorders are usually diagnosed when an individual’s low mood or depression is prolonged enough to interfere with an individual’s activities of daily living.
Depressive disorders usually affect individuals through disturbance of mood and energy which is frequently accompanied by symptoms of anxiety. The prevalence of depressive disorders is very high among the general population as well as in comparison to other mental health disorders.
Research and clinical experience has found that the prevalence of depression among the general population may be about 10% and is frequently the focus of clinical attention due to its high prevalence, and at times its severity. Depressive disorders can be very disabling. Also, in addition to the symptoms of depression, it is also believed that close to 50% of individuals diagnosed with anxiety disorders also meet the criteria for a depressive disorder. The specific depressive disorders follow below.
Specific Depressive Disorders and Related DSM-5 Diagnostic Codes ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM coeds repectively:
296.21 (F32.0) Mild
296.22 (F32.0) Moderate
296.23 (F32.2) Severe
296.24 (F32.0) With Psychotic Features
296.25 (32.4) In Partial Remission
296.26 (F32.5) In Full Remission
296.20 (F32.9) Unspecified
296.31 (F33.0) Mild
296.32 (F33.1) Moderate
296.33 (F33.2) Severe
296.34 (F33.3) With Psychotic Features
296.35 (F33.41) In Partial Remission
296.36 (F33.42) In Full Remission
296.30 (F33.9) Unspecified
Specify if: In Partial Remission, In Full Remission
Specify if: Early Onset, Late Onset
Specify if: With Pure Dysthymic Syndrome; With Persistent Major Depressive Episode; With
Intermittent Major Depressive Episodes, With Current Episode; With Intermittent Major Depressive Episodes, Without Current Episode.
Specify current severity: Mild, Moderate, Severe
Substance /Medication – Induced Depressive Disorder
Note: See the criteria set and corresponding recording procedures for substance-specific codes and ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM coding
Specify if: With onset during intoxication, With onset during withdrawal
(F06.31) With depressive features
(F06.32) With major depressive-like episode
(F06.34) With mixed features
311 (F32.8) Other specified depressive disorder
311 (F 32.9) Unspecified depressive disorder