Tag Archives: anti anxiety medication

Buspar for anxiety relief ?





Generic name: Buspirone Hydrochloride

Brand Name: Buspar

Buspar is referred to as a minor tranquilizer and has become very popular in providing relief from anxiety. Buspar is most often used to treat anxiety disorders, but is also prescribed at times for the aches, pains, fatigue, and cramps of premenstrual symptom (PMS). However, this and other anxiety medications are not usually prescribed for treating the anxiety or tension caused by the stress of everyday life.

Buspar: Basic General Information

Buspar or buspirone hydrochloride is a potent anti-anxiety medication that has become increasingly popular since its approval by the FDA for the relief of anxiety. It was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the short-term treatment of anxiety, but it has been used safely for more than four weeks at a time, as contrasted to several of the other popular anxiety drugs. It is not actually known how Buspar works at the present time, but has become very popular due to the lack of addiction and some of the other dangerous side effects frequently associated with other anti-anxiety medications, such as the benzodiazepines. It is believed to work by decreasing the amount and actions of the neurotransmitter serotonin in certain parts of the brain. It is not believed to depress the nervous system nor act as an anticonvulsant or muscle relaxant, as some of the other anti-anxiety medicines do. Minor improvement will frequently be apparent after about 7 – 10 days of starting treatment with Buspar, but its maximum effect usually does not occur for approximately three to four weeks. This medication is only available by doctor’s prescription in an oral form (tablets) in both Canada and the United States.

What are some of the special precautions and warnings?

You should not take Buspar if you have ever had any history of an allergic reaction or sensitivity to this drug. It should be used with caution by people with kidney or liver disease. It does not have any antipsychotic effects and should never be taken when experiencing symptoms of psychosis. Although it is not believed to have much potential for abuse, you should always be aware of this possibility. If you believe you will be using Buspar for a prolonged period of time, your physician should check your progress at regular visits to make sure the medicine does not cause unwanted side effects.




Other Considerations When Taking Busbar

When taking this or similar anti-anxiety medicines, you obviously will need to weigh the risk against the good it may possibly do. This is a decision you and your doctor will need to make. Before starting Buspar, the following factors should be considered:

Allergies and Reactions:

You should tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reactions to Buspar. You should also tell your doctor or nurse if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any other substances such as foods, preservatives or dyes.

Pregnancy:

This medicine has not been studied for use with pregnant women. However, this drug has not been shown to cause birth defects or other similar problems in animal studies.

Breast-feeding:

It has not been determined whether Busbar passes into the breast milk of humans.

Children:

Studies of this medication have been done only in adult patients, and it has not been determined whether it should be used in children under the age of 18.

Older adults:

This anxiety medication has only been tested in a limited number of older adults and has not been shown to cause side effects any different than those experienced by younger adults.

Other Medicines:

In some cases, certain drugs should never be used with other medications, while in other cases, two medicines may be taken together although an interaction might occur. In these cases, your physician may want to change the dosage, or take other precautions as necessary. If you are taking Buspar, it is very important that your doctor or nurse know if you’re taking any of the following medications:

• Erythromycin
• Itraconazole (e.g. Sporanox) -higher blood levels of Buspar may occur, increase the chance of side effects. Your physician may want to change the dosage of this anti-anxiety medication.
• Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOI’s) (Marplan, Nardil, Parnate) taking Buspar when your taking monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors may cause high blood pressure.

Other medical Concerns:

The presence of other medical issues may affect the use of Buspar. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any of the following medical problems:

• Kidney disease
• Liver disease-Buspar may be removed from your body more slowly, which may increase the risk of side effects. Your doctor may need to adjust your dosage.

What are some of the Buspar side effects?

The side effects of Buspar cannot really be anticipated, but if any should occur or increase in intensity you should notify your doctor immediately. If you anticipate taking this anti-anxiety medicine for a long period of time, your physician will need to monitor its effectiveness as well as for its side effects. Buspar can make some people feel dizzy, lightheaded, drowsy or less alert than they normally feel. You should always make sure you know how you react to this medication before driving, operating machinery or any other activities that require concentration and being alert. Below are some of the major busbar side effects.

Along with the wanted effects, this medicine will cause some related side effects. Although not all of these Buspar side effects may occur, if they do, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Rare Buspar Side Effects:

Chest pain; confusion; fast or pounding heartbeat; fever; lack of coordination; mental depression; muscle weakness; numbness, tingling, pain, weakness in hands or feet; skin rash or hives; stiffness of arms or legs; sore throat; uncontrolled movements of the body.

There are other Buspar side effects which may occur that usually do not require medical attention. They may go away during your treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. However, you should check with your doctor if any of the side effects continue or become bothersome.

Common Buspar Side Effects:

Lightheadedness and dizziness, especially when getting up from a sitting or lying position; headache; nausea; restlessness or excitement

Less Common or Rare Side Effects:

Blurred vision; sweating; decreased concentration; diarrhea; drowsiness (more common with doses of more than 20 mg. per day); dryness of the mouth; muscle pain, spasms, cramps or stiffness; ringing in the ears; trouble sleeping, nightmares, or vivid dreams; unusual tiredness or weakness.

There are some other Buspar side effects not listed above which may also occur in some individuals, however, if you notice any unwanted effects you should check with your physician immediately.

Buspar Dosage: What is the proper amount?

Your dosage of Buspar should be taken as directed by your doctor. You should never take more than your physician recommends. Also, you should never take it for a longer period of time than your physician has prescribed. Doing so may increase the risk of unwanted side effects.

After you begin taking buspar (buspirone), you should probably give it at least one to two weeks to feel some anxiety relief.

Buspar Dosage: General Information:

The Buspar dosage will vary for different patients. You should always follow your physician’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information refers only to the most common Buspar dosage. If your dose of Busbar is different however, you should not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so. The number of tablets you take depends upon your specific requirements.

Buspar Dosage Oral Form (tablets):

Adults

Usually start at 5 mg. two or three times a day, or 7.5 mg. two times a day. Your physician may increase your Buspar dosage by 5 mg. a day every few days if needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 60 mg. per day.

Children up to 18 years of age.

The use and dosage must be determined by your doctor.

Older Adults:

Usually start your dosage of Busbar at 5 mg., two or three times a day, or 7.5 mg. two times a day. Your doctor may increase your individual dosage by 5 mg. a day every few days if necessary.

Missed doses:

If you miss your dosage of Buspar you should take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for you to take your next dose, you should go back your regular dosing schedule. You should never take two doses of Buspar.

Symptoms of Overdosage from Busbar:

Lightheadedness or dizziness; drowsiness (severe) or loss of consciousness; stomach upset, including nausea or vomiting; very small pupils in the eyes.

Any medication taken in excess of the dosage recommended can have serious side effects. If you suspect an overdose of Busbar you should seek medical attention immediately.

Storage:

You should obviously keep Busbar out of the reach of children. Store it away from heat and direct light, and try not to store it in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink or other damp places. Heat or moisture has been known to break this medicine down.

You should never keep outdated medicine or medication that is no longer needed. Be sure that any discarded medicine is out of the reach of children.

Information adapted from The PDR Pocket Guide to Prescription Drugs and the Consumer Reports Consumer Drug Reference

Additional information and webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist (Health and Geriatric Psychologist)




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Librium medication: Your choice for anxiety disorders?





Brand Name: Librium

Generic Name: Chlordiazepoxide

Why is Librium prescribed?

Librium is most frequently prescribed for anxiety disorders. It is often prescribed for short-term relief of anxiety symptoms, withdrawal from acute alcoholism as well as for anxiety and apprehension prior to surgery. This medication belongs to the family of anxiety medications commonly referred to as benzodiazepines.

Important facts related to this drug:

This medication is habit-forming and you can become dependent upon it. You should make sure not to quit taking Librium abruptly as you may experience withdrawal symptoms. You should always be careful not to discontinue this medication or change your dosage without the approval of your physician.

When should Librium not be prescribed?

This drug should not be prescribed if you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to this medication or similar tranquilizers. If you’re experiencing everyday stress or anxiety you should probably not take these types of medications. You should always discuss your symptoms with your doctor.

If I am pregnant or breast-feeding what do I need to know?

You should not take Librium if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant as there may be an increased risk of birth defects. This drug may appear in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If the medication is essential to your health, your physician may advise you to discontinue breast-feeding until your treatment with Librium and has finished.




Librium Dosage:

Librium dosage: How do you take this anti-anxiety medication?

You should take Librium exactly as prescribed.

What if I miss my Librium dosage?

You should take your dosage of Librium as soon as you remember. If it is within an hour or so of when you’re scheduled to take your next dose, you should skip the missed dose and get back to your normal schedule as soon as possible. You should never double up on your dosage of Librium.

Storage instructions:

You should always store your medications away from heat, moisture and light.

Recommended Librium dosages:

Librium Dosages : Adults

Mild or moderate anxiety- The usual dosage of Librium is 5 – 10 mg, three to four times per day.

Severe anxiety– The usual dose is 20 – 25 mg three or four times per day.

Anxiety and apprehension before surgery- On days before surgery, the usual dosage is 5 – 10 mg three or four times per day.

Acute symptoms of alcohol withdrawal- The usual starting Librium dosage is 50 – 100 mg. The physician will usually repeat this dose up to 300 mg per day, until the level of agitation has been adequately controlled.
The doctor may then reduce the dosage as much as possible.

Children- Librium dosage :

The usual Librium dosage for children six years of age or older is 5 mg, anywhere from two to four times per day. Some children may need to take as much as 10 mg two or three times per day. Librium is not usually recommended for children under the age of six.

Dosage for older adults

Your doctor will usually limit or minimize your Librium dosage in order to avoid sedating elderly individuals too much, or otherwise negatively effecting their level of coordination. For senior adults, the usual Librium dosage is 5 mg two to four times per day

Librium overdosage:

Any medication taken in excess of the prescribed dosage may have serious negative effects. If you suspect an overdosage of this medication you should seek medical attention immediately. Some of the symptoms of overdosage include coma, confusion, sleepiness and slow reflexes.

What Librium side effects may possibly be expected?

Specific Librium side effects cannot realistically be anticipated, but if any develop or change in intensity you should contact your doctor immediately. Only your physician can determine if you need to continue taking this medication in spite of your side effects.

Additional Librium side effects may include:

Confusion, constipation, drowsiness, fainting, increased or decreased sex drive, liver problems, lack of muscle coordination, minor menstrual irregularities, nausea, skin rash or eruptions, swelling due to fluid retention, yellow eyes and skin

Side effects of Librium that may be due to rapid decrease or abrupt withdrawal include:
Abdominal muscle cramps, convulsions, exaggerated feeling of depression, sleeplessness, sweating, tremors and vomiting

Special warnings and concerns:

Librium can possibly make you drowsy or less alert, therefore you should not drive or operate heavy machinery until you are well aware of how you are effected by the side effects of Librium. If you are depressed or have a history of depression, you should contact your doctor prior to taking this anxiety medication. Also, this drug may cause children to be less alert as well. If you have a hyperactive or aggressive child taking this medication, you should talk to your physician immediately if you notice negative reactions such as excitement, stimulation or acute rage. Also, you should contact your physician immediately before taking Librium if you’re being treated for porphyria, (a rare metabolic disorder), or liver or kidney disease.


Food and drug interactions possible in addition to Librium side effects:

This medication will intensify or cause an additive effect when taken while drinking alcohol as it is a central nervous system depressant. You should never drink alcohol when taking this drug. If Librium is taken with other medications, the effects of the medications can be increased, decreased or in other ways possibly altered. You should always talk with your physician prior to taking or combining Librium with the following:

• Antacids such as Maalox and Mylanta
• Antidepressant drugs known as MAO inhibitors including Nardil and Parnate
• Antipsychotic medications such as chlorpromazine and trifluoperazine
• Barbiturates such as Phenobarbital
• Blood thinning drugs such as Coumadin
• Cimetidine (Tagamet)
• Disulfiram (Antabuse)
• Levodopa (Larodopa)
• Narcotic pain medicines such as Demerol and Percocet
• Oral contraceptives

Librium side effects should always be noted and reported to your doctor immediately. Never disregard the negative interactions with other medications or any specific Librium side effects.

Some information adapted from The PDR Pocket Guide to Prescription Drugs – Sixth Edition

Additional Information and webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist (Health and Geriatric Psychologist)




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Ativan Medication: Everything You Need to Know





Generic Name: Lorazepam.

What is Ativan prescribed for?

Ativan is an anxiety medication which is used for the treatment of anxiety disorders for the short-term relief of anxiety symptoms. This anxiety medication belongs to the class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.
What do I need to know about this anxiety medication?
When using Ativan you should always be aware of the fact that tolerance and dependence can develop with its use. You should also be very concerned about withdrawal symptoms which you may experience if you stop using this medicine abruptly. You should follow your doctor’s recommendations if you decide to discontinue or change your dosage.

How should you take this anxiety medication?

You should always take Ativan exactly as it is prescribed by your physician.

What if you miss a dose of this anxiety medication?

If it is within an hour or so of your usual scheduled time you should take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If not, you should skip the dose and go back your regular schedule. You should never take two doses at once.

How is it stored?

You should store this and similar anxiety medications at room temperature in a tightly closed container away from the light.

When should Ativan not be prescribed?

This anxiety medication should not be prescribed if you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to this or similar antianxiety medications such as Valium. You should also avoid Ativan if you have had the eye disease acute narrow-angle glaucoma. Do not take Ativan to relieve the symptoms of normal everyday tension or anxiety. Everyday stress and worry does not require treatment with Ativan. You should discuss your anxiety symptoms thoroughly with your physician before trying Ativan or similar anxiety medications.

Ativan side effects:

What Ativan side effects may be expected?

Ativan side effects cannot really be anticipated, but if any develop or a change in intensity you should notify your doctor immediately. Only your physician can determine if it is safe to continue taking this anxiety medication.




If you experience any side effects to Ativan, they will usually appear at the beginning of your medication treatment. They will usually disappear as you continue to take this drug or if you reduce the dosage.

Ativan side effects may also include:

Dizziness, memory problems, sedation, transient amnesia, unsteadiness, weakness
Side effects of Ativan due to a rapid decrease in dosage or abrupt withdrawal:
Abdominal muscle cramps, convulsions, depressed mood, inability to fall or stay asleep, sweating, tremors, vomiting

What are some of the other special concerns related to Ativan?

Ativan and similar medications may cause you to become drowsy or less alert. You should never drive or operate dangerous machinery or participate in hazardous activities which require full mental attention when taking this medication. Also, if you suffer from depression you should consult your doctor before taking Ativan. If you have decreased kidney or liver function the use of this antianxiety drug should be discussed with your physician. If you’re an elderly individual, or if you have been using Ativan for a prolonged period of time, your physician may want to monitor you closely for stomach and upper intestinal problems.

What are some the possible food and drug interactions when taking this drug?

This and other similar anxiety medications are known to increase the effects of alcohol. You should always avoid alcohol when taking these anti-anxiety medications. When taken along with some other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased or otherwise altered. It is very important to consult your doctor before combining Ativan with barbiturates (Phenobarbital, Seconal, and Amytal) or sedative-type medications such as Valium and Halcion.

Can you take this medication if you’re pregnant or breast-feeding?

You should not take Ativan if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Clinical experience and research has identified an increased risk of birth effects. Also, is not known if Ativan shows up in breast milk. If this medication is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breast-feeding until your medication treatment is finished.

Ativan dosages recommended for adults and children:

Ativan dosage for adults:

The common Ativan dosage recommended for adults is a total of 2mg to 6 mg per day divided into smaller doses. Usually, the largest dose is taken around bedtime. The total daily Ativan dosage may vary from 1mg to 10 mg per day.

Dosage for Insomnia due to anxiety:

Ativan is usually taken at bedtime in doses of 2mg to 4 mg.

For anxiety:

The usual starting Ativan dosage is a total to 3 mg per day taken in two or three smaller doses.

Ativan dosage for children:

The safety and effectiveness has not been established for using Ativan for children under the age of 12 years of age.

For older adults:

The usual starting Ativan dosage for the elderly and for those in a weakened condition should not exceed a total of 1mg to 2 mg per day, evenly divided into smaller doses to avoid oversedation. This dose can be adjusted by your doctor as necessary.

Ativan overdosage:

All medications taken in excess of the recommended amounts may have very serious consequences. An overdose of Ativan can be fatal, although this is relatively rare. If you suspect an overdose, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Symptoms of an overdose may include:

Coma, confusion, drowsiness, hypnotic state, lack of coordination, low blood pressure, sluggishness.

Information adapted from The PDR Pocket Guide to Prescription Drugs – Sixth Edition

Additional Information and webpage by Paul Susic  Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist  (Health and Geriatric Psychologist)




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Valium: What is this medication used for?





Valium 101: An Overview

Valium, falls within the medication classification referred to as benzodiazepines.The benzodiazepines including Valium are by far the drugs most often prescribed to treat anxiety disorders. Also in addition to being good for anxiety, Valium is frequently used as a muscle relaxant and for sleeping difficulties. Sometimes the benzodiazepines are also used to treat seizures in some patients with epilepsy. It is considered a long-acting benzodiazepine, in that you may take one dosage to last all day. Valium is frequently prescribed for individuals with generalized anxiety disorder, problems with muscle relaxation (such as if you have back problems), and even for a condition called night terrors that occurs with children.


Do I take any tests before I take Valium, or when I am on it?

No tests are required prior to receiving a prescription or while you’re on Valium. No blood test or x-rays are required to monitor the effects. Valium can be given to patients with very serious medical problems, and has no ill effects on the heart, lungs, or kidneys. It is not recommended if you have a history of alcohol abuse or have misused other drugs, or if you have liver disease, are pregnant or are nursing.

Valium: Why is this anti-anxiety medicine prescribed??

Valium is an anti-anxiety medicine used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and for the short-term relief of general symptoms of anxiety. Valium is from the anti-anxiety medicine classification known as benzodiazepines. Valium is also used at times to treat the acute symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, to relieve uncontrolled muscular movements caused by cerebral palsy and paralysis of the lower body and limbs, to relax muscles, to control involuntary movement of the hands, to relax tight aching muscles, and it is sometimes used with other medications to treat epilepsy and other convulsive disorders.

Most important fact about this anti-anxiety medicine:

It is especially important to be cautious with this anti-anxiety medication as it can be habit-forming or addictive. You may experience withdrawal symptoms from Valium if you discontinue its use abruptly. You should only change the dosage or discontinue its use under the supervision of a medical doctor.

How should Valium be taken?

You should only take this anti-anxiety medicine as prescribed. If you’re taking Valium for epilepsy or convulsive disorders you should make sure to take it at the same time every day.

If you miss a dose of valium…

Take the missed dose as soon as you think about it if it is within an hour or two of the scheduled dosage time. If you do not remember until much later you should skip the missed dose and go back to your normal schedule. You should never take two doses of this medicine at once.

Storage instructions…

You should store Valium away from heat, light, and moisture.




When should Valium not be prescribed?

If you’re sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Valium you should probably not take it. Also, you should not take this medication if you’ve ever had an eye condition called narrow-angle glaucoma. Every day tension and stress does not usually require anti-anxiety medicines such as Valium. You should always discuss your anxiety symptoms thoroughly with your physician before taking any medicine for it. Finally, Valium should never be taken for mental disorders considered to be more serious than anxiety.

Valium Side Effects and Special Concerns

What are the main Valium side effects that may be expected?

In many cases side effects cannot really be anticipated, but if they do develop or increase in intensity you should contact your doctor immediately. Only your physician can determine if the specific side effects may make it difficult to continue or make it prohibitive.

The most common Valium side effects include the following:

Drowsiness, fatigue, light-headedness, loss of muscle coordination

Some of the less common side effects include:

Anxiety, blurred vision, changes in salivation, changes in sex drive, confusion, constipation, depression, difficulty urinating, dizziness, double vision, hallucinations, headache, inability to hold urine, low blood pressure, nausea, over-stimulation, rage, seizures (mild changes in brainwave patterns), skin rash, sleep disturbances, slow heartbeat, slurred speech and other speech problems, stimulation, tremors, vertigo, yellowing of eyes and skin

Some of the following side effects of Valium are strictly due to rapid decrease in dosage or abrupt withdrawal from this medication:

Abdominal muscle cramps, convulsions, sweating, tremors, vomiting

Are there any additional special concerns about this medication?

This medication is known to cause drowsiness or inhibit an individual’s ability to pay full attention to activities which require concentration. You should never drive or operate dangerous machinery until you’re sure of how you respond to this type of medication. Also, you should always take special precautions if you have ever had any kidney or liver problems.

In addition to the Valium side effects there are also possible food and drug interactions while taking this medication.

In addition to the side effects associated with this medication, there are also interactions with foods and various other medications. This medication has a slowing effect on the central nervous system and also may magnify the effects of alcohol. You should obviously not drink when taking this medication. If Valium is taken with other medications, the effects of these medicines may be increased, decreased or may be altered in some other way. You should always talk with your doctor prior to taking Valium with any of the following medications:

• Anti-seizure drugs such as Dilantin
• Antidepressant drugs such as Elavil and Prozac
• Barbiturates such as Phenobarbital
• Cimetidine (Tagamet)
• Digoxin (Lanoxin)
• Disulfiram (Antabuse)
• Fluoxetine (Prozac)
• Isoniazide (Rifamate)
• Levodopa (Larodopa, Sinemet)
• Major tranquilizers such as Mellaril and Thorazine
• MAO Inhibitors (antidepressant drugs such as Nardil)
• Narcotics such as Percocet
• Omeprazole (Prilosec)
• Oral contraceptives
• Propoxyphene (Darvon)
• Ranitidine (Zantac)
• Rifampin (Rifadin)

Should you be concerned about the Valium side effects if you are pregnant or breast-feeding?

You should never take Valium or any similar medications if you’re pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant sometime in the near future as there could be an increased risk of birth defects. If your doctor decides that it is actually necessary to continue taking this medication in spite of the side effects, you should probably discontinue breast-feeding until your medication treatment is finished.

Final comments on Valium side effects:

Valium is an effective short-term medication for anxiety disorders and overall is one of the more popular prescribed medications. However, there are significant side effects that need to be considered with this medication as with all medicines. You should always be in consultation with your physician when taking this antianxiety medication.

Valium dosage: How much should I really take?

Valium dosage and overall effects:

Valium is referred to as a long acting benzodiazepine because one 5 mg dose may possibly last the entire day. The most common Valium dosages are between 5 mg and 20 mg per day, with the doses usually evenly divided and taken in the morning and evening, rather than being taken all at once. Because this medication works more quickly than most other benzodiazepines, relief can often occur within 30 minutes to an hour after taking the first dose. Many patients with generalized anxiety disorder who take Valium regularly feel substantial improvement within one week of their first dosage. Once you get to the right dosage that seems to control your anxiety, you may remain at that dose indefinitely often without experiencing new anxiety symptoms. If the medicine doesn’t seem to work, that may indicate that the diagnosis may be inaccurate. Also, other psychological symptoms such as depression may be present. This medicine will not help with depression. Also, there are often times in which the difficulties in an individual’s life may be more effectively handled without medication through the use of other treatments such as psychotherapy. Changing to other benzodiazepines usually does not help. Most doctors attempt to use the smallest dosage possible before increasing to a higher amount for the elimination of anxiety symptoms. It does not appear that there are any known medical risks associated with remaining on this medication for your entire life, although the longer you take it the harder it may be to stop or reduce its usage.

Valium dosage: What is the recommended amount for the treatment of anxiety disorders or short-term relief of anxiety symptoms?

The usual dosage of Valium is dependent upon the severity of symptoms but is usually between 2 mg and 10 mg taking 2 to 4 times per day.

Dosage associated with alcohol withdrawal:

The usual dosage of this medication when utilized for alcohol withdrawal is 10 mg, three or four times during the first 24 hours, and then 5 mg three or four times per day as needed.

For relief of muscle spasms:

The usual amount of Valium for the relief of muscle spasms is 2 mg. to 10 mg, three or four times per day.

Convulsive disorders:

The usual dosage utilized for treatment of compulsive disorders is 2 mg. to 10 mg,, 2 to 4 times daily.

Children:

This medication should not be given to children under the age of six months of age. The most often used dosage to start children over six months old is 1 mg. to 2.5 mg three or four times per day. Only your doctor should increase this medication as necessary.

Older adults:

The usual starting dosage of Valium is 2 mg. to 2.5 mg once or twice per day. Your doctor will usually limit the dosage to the smallest effective amount possible, as older individuals are more apt to become over sedated and may be at a much higher risk of falling, and have other difficulties associated with the lack of coordination.

Valium Overdosage

All medicines including anxiety medications, if taken in excess of the prescribed amount can be very dangerous and have serious consequences. If you have any reason to suspect an overdose, you should seek medical attention immediately. The symptoms of a Valium overdosage may include, confusion, diminished reflexes and/or sleepiness.

If you miss your Valium dosage,,,,

If you miss your usual dosage you should take it as soon as possible it if it is within an hour or two of the schedule dosage. If you don’t remember until much later you should skip the missed dose and go back to your normal dosage schedule. You should never take two doses of this medication at once.

By Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist





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Xanax : Anti Anxiety Medication of Choice?





Xanax or Alprazolam is an anti anxiety medication from the group of drugs known as benzodiazepines. These anxiety medications are known to directly affect the brain and may cause you to be more relaxed, make you more tranquil, sleep better, or they can slow down the nervous system transmissions in such a way as to act as an anticonvulsant. Many doctors prefer benzodiazepines to other anti anxiety medications that can be used with a similar effect, because they tend to be safer, have fewer side effects, and are usually as effective if not more so than these other medications. Xanax comes in the regular form as well as an extended-release form referred to as Xanax XR




What is Xanax usually prescribed for?

This anti anxiety medication is usually prescribed for anxiety, tension, fatigue, and agitation. It is also sometimes prescribed for irritable bowel syndrome, panic attacks, depression, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Xanax precautions and warnings:

You should not take Xanax (Alprazolam) if you know that you are sensitive to or allergic to any other benzodiazepine medication including clonazepam. Xanax is also known to aggravate narrow-angle glaucoma, but is still sometimes prescribed if you have open-angle glaucoma.

Some other conditions where Xanax should probably be avoided are severe depression, severe lung disease, sleep apnea (intermittent cessation of breathing during sleep), liver disease, drunkenness, and kidney disease. In each of these conditions, the depressive effects of Xanax or similar antianxiety medications may be enhanced or could be detrimental to your overall condition.

Xanax should not be taken by psychotic patients as it is not effective for them and can trigger unusual stimulation, excitement or rage.

Xanax and other benzodiazepines are not meant to be used for more than three or four months in a row. Your condition should continue to be reassessed before continuing this anti anxiety medication beyond that period of time.

Xanax and similar anti anxiety medications may be addictive. Drug withdrawal may develop if you stop taking it after only four weeks of regular use, but is more likely after a longer period of use. These withdrawal symptoms may start with anxiety and progress to tingling in the hands or feet, sensitivity to light, sleep disturbances, cramps, tremors, muscle tension or twitching, poor concentration, flu-like symptoms, fatigue, appetite loss, sweating, and changes in your overall mental state.

Xanax Side Effects:

Xanax side effects cannot be anticipated, but if you experience an increase in symptoms or sensitivity to this or any medication you should contact your physician immediately. Possible Xanax side effect should be considered any time you’re anticipating doing any activity which requires your full attention or alertness.
Most common Xanax side effects:

The most common side effects of this anti anxiety medication include mild drowsiness during the first few days of therapy. Weakness and confusion may occur, especially for seniors and others who may be sickly or otherwise physically compromised. If these effects persist, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Less common Xanax side effects:

Some of the side effects experienced to a lesser degree among individuals taking this anti anxiety medication include depression, lethargy, disorientation, headache, inactivity, slurred speech, stupor, dizziness, tremors, constipation, dry mouth, nausea, inability to control urination, sexual difficulties, irregular menstrual cycle, changes in heart rhythm, low blood pressure, fluid retention, blurred or double vision, itching, rash, hiccups, nervousness, inability to fall asleep, and occasional liver dysfunction. If you experience any of these Xanax side effects, you should stop taking the medication immediately and contact your doctor.

Rare Xanax side effects:

Medical experts report that rare side effects can occur in almost any part of the body when taking this anti anxiety medication. You should contact your doctor immediately if you experience any side effects not listed above.

Drug interactions:

Xanax is a central nervous system depressant. You should avoid alcohol and other tranquilizers, narcotics, barbiturates, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI’s), antihistamines and antidepressants while taking this medication. If you’re taking Xanax with these other medications, you may experience an excessive amount of depression, tiredness, sleepiness, breathing difficulties and related symptoms.

Smoking is believed to reduce the effectiveness of Xanax by increasing the rate at which it is broken down by the body.

The effects of Xanax may be prolonged when taken together with cimetidine, oral contraceptives, disulfiram, fluoxetine, itraconazole, ketoconazole, metoprolol, probenecid, propoxyphene, propranolol, rifampin, and valproic acid.Theophylline may reduce Xanax’s sedative effects.

If you take any antacids, you should separate them from your Xanax dose by at least one hour to keep them from interfering with the absorption of this anti anxiety medication into the bloodstream.Xanax may raise digoxin blood levels and the chances of digoxin toxicity.The effect of levodopa may be decreased if it is taken along with this anti anxiety medication.Combining Xanax with phenytoin may increase its blood concentrations in the chances of phenytoin toxicity.

Xanax Dosages and Recommendations:

The usual adult Xanax dosage is 0.5-6 mg per day. The Xanax dosage should be tailored to meet your individual needs. Xanax is not recommended for children under the age of 18. This antianxiety medication should be taken on an empty stomach, but may be taken with food if it upsets your stomach.

Xanax overdosage:

The symptoms of Xanax overdosage are confusion, sleepiness, for coordination, lack of response to pain such as pinprick, loss of reflexes, shallow breathing, low blood pressure, and coma. You should take any individual’s you suspect to be experiencing an overdose to a hospital emergency room immediately. Also, you should always bring the Xanax prescription bottle or container.

Special information related to this and key anxiety medication:

Xanax can cost tiredness, drowsiness, inability to concentrate, or related symptoms. You should always be very careful driving or operating machinery, or perform any to these require concentration have high level of alertness.

Anyone taking Xanax or similar antianxiety medications (benzodiazepines) for more than three or four months at a time may be at risk for a drug withdrawal reaction if the medicine is stop suddenly.

If you forget to your latest Xanax dosage, you should take it is Senator member. It is almost time for your next dose, skip the one you forgot a return to your regular Xanax dosage schedule. Do not take a double dose. He takes Xanax XOR, you should take your full daily dose once a day in the morning. Tonight she were crushed Xanax XOR tablets.

Xanax and special populations:

Pregnancy/breast-feeding:

Saks may cause birth effects of taken during the first three months of pregnancy. You should avoid Xanax while you are pregnant. Also, Xanax may pass into breast milk. Nursing mothers who must take Xanax should bottle -feed.

Seniors:

Seniors, should be especially careful when taking Xanax, especially those with liver or kidney disease, those are more sensitive to the effects of Xanax or similar benzodiazepines and generally require smaller doses to achieve the same effect.

Some information from The PDR Pocket Guide to Prescription Drugs

Additional information and webpage by Paul Susic Ph.D Licensed Psychologist (Health and Geriatric Psychologist)




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