According to the American Psychiatric Association, each of the anxiety disorders share the features of fear and anxiety. Fear is a healthy, rational response to either a real or perceived threat whereas anxiety is anticipatory and is in response to a possible perceived threat in the future.
Anxiety among the general population is very high with estimates as high as 18% or 40 million American adults experiencing anxiety disorders each year. Some researchers feel that the lifetime prevalence rate may be as high as 30%. Almost 50% of people who experience anxiety disorders also meet the criteria for depressive disorder. Clinicians recognize that there is a very high level of comorbidity (shared symptoms) between depressive disorders and anxiety disorders, and believe that there may be a possible shared genetic predisposition.
Anxiety disorders frequently persist over time. Because anxiety disorders are so uncomfortable and often disabling, they are frequently the focus of clinical attention. Anxiety disorders are very responsive to psychotherapeutic treatment modalities as well as medications geared toward their specific symptoms. Please see the following specific diagnostic criterion information related to the anxiety disorders.
Specific Anxiety Disorders and Related DSM-5 Diagnostic Codes:
309. 21 (F93 0) Separation Anxiety Disorder
312. 23 (F94.0) Selective Mutism
300. 29 ( . ) Specific Phobia
(F40.228) Natural Environment
( . ) Blood Injection-injury
(F40.230) Fear of Blood
(F40.231) Fear of Injections and Transfusions
(F40.232) Fear of Other Medical Care
(F40.233) Fear of Injury
300. 23 (F40. 10) Social Anxiety Disorder (Social Phobia) Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Specify if: Performance only
300. 01 (F41.0) Panic Disorder
( . ) Panic Attack
300. 22 (F40. 00) Agoraphobia
300. 02 (F41.1) Generalized Anxiety Disorder
( . ) Substance/Medication – Induced Anxiety Disorder
293. 84 (F06. 4) Anxiety Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition
300. 09 (F41. 8) Other Specified Anxiety Disorder
300. 00 (F41. 9) Unspecified Anxiety Disorder
Diagnostic Information and Criterion for Anxiety Disorders adapted from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition American Psychological Association by Paul Susic Ph.D. Licensed Psychologist